State cuts to higher ed amount to heavy tax on college students
Critical decisions about California's economy and the future of its youth are in a downward spiral. In June, while legislators considered a budget with reduced revenue sources that would further hobble higher education in the state, the perception was that taxes were not being raised. But this is false: taxes have been
raised — on the youth of this state. Recent reports
issued by the Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles at UCLA show that the consequences of budget cuts fall disproportionately on youth of color — the new majority in California. After the last round of cuts, up to 20 percent of college students polled in our studies indicated that they were considering abandoning higher education because they simply could not afford it any longer, and could no longer take the time out of the labor force while they waited to access the over-enrolled classes they need to graduate.
Cuts to higher education are nothing less than an intergenerational betrayal of California's promise. The generation that voted itself huge tax cuts over the last few decades is now transferring the costs of the resulting fiscal crisis to the young in a way that will severely damage the state's future. The latest proposals will save a few cents a day per family in exchange for bankrupting the future of California's next generation.
We believe that the budget decisions have been framed in an intentionally misleading way. Cuts to higher education will actually harm rather than help the future fiscal situation of the state. A new Brookings Institution report
shows that the "average college graduate earns roughly $570,000 more than the average person with a high school diploma only" during her or his lifetime. Even before all the cuts to higher education, California was estimated
to be 1 million college graduates short of meeting the needs of its future labor market. This would represent a loss of $570 billion in income generated and many billions in tax revenue, in addition to all the other advantages that come with higher education, such as better health
, longer-lasting marriages
and stronger communities with more competitive economies
Our recently-concluded research
shows that in the present economic climate, families are providing less support for their college students, many students are taking on so much work (when they can find it) that they are damaging their education, and the lack of courses is resulting in at least an additional year to complete degrees. Cal State University students are paying an additional 15 percent in 2011 to deal with the cuts already approved, and will face another big increase under the next year's plan, due to the absolute unwillingness of a minority of the legislature to allow a temporary continuation of the small tax increases enacted two years ago. At the University of California (UC), a "state" institution that is no longer primarily supported by the state, students face another 8-percent increase after last year's 32-percent increase. Four of 10 UC students come from families with incomes of less than $50,000 annually.
California cannot afford to further foreclose college opportunity to low-income youth and continue to believe that its future can be bright. The future economy of California depends to a very large degree on the state's ability to generate more graduates. Resolving the budget crisis by excluding students from college, preventing them from graduating on time by cutting courses, and heavily taxing them through soaring tuition is unfair to this generation and will do deep and lasting harm to our state.